Enterprise software: Java vs .NET development

Enterprise software: Java vs .NET development

Java and .NET are both very prominent technologies, commonly utilized for building large-scale applications. Despite their different nature – the one is a programming language, the other a framework – they’re often under comparison and sometimes even viewed as mutually interchangeable technologies. 

Java and .NET are widely used for delivering user-friendly desktop, web, mobile, gaming, and IoT applications. But which one wins the game when approaching enterprise applications?

What is enterprise software?

Enterprise definition

Before discussing enterprise software, its purpose, its modules and types, let’s define what an enterprise is. Besides implementing enterprise solutions, enterprises are accurately characterized by large employee bases, core competencies, long-term planning, and integrated financial structure.

Enterprises include for-profit ventures that can own properties, incur liabilities, and establish bank accounts. Said simple, enterprises are large-scale organizations with multiple business functions.

Enterprises are:

  • International organizations
  • From medium to large-scale national companies
  • Charitable organizations spread across multiple regions
  • Federal, states, and local governmental entities

What unifies these examples is that employees require instant access to volumes of information and functions. These range from sales and marketing to finance, customer support, and analytics.

Enterprise software explained briefly

Enterprise software is specialized business software, customized precisely to optimize operational processes. Such solutions might comprise ERP, CRM, SCM, HRM, and other popular types of systems.

Enterprise software is essential for day-to-day operational functions and certain mission-critical activities. Among many other things, such solutions reduce time and cost, increase efficiency, and provide for facilitated customer and employee satisfaction.

Key value 

Operational functions

Enterprise-level solutions reduce emerging operational inefficiencies saving thousands of dollars in expenses. Some benefits might include more control over resources (time, cost, human resources), and facilitated business automation.

Customer service

Enterprise-tailored solutions increase overall customer satisfaction fueling appropriate problem handling. Implemented features might comprise live chats, real-time tracking, feedback processing and management, and more.

Supply chain

Enterprise platforms normally include different modules for procurement, inventory, warehousing, logistics. Allowing decision-makers to respond to inconsistencies, such solutions optimize processes associated with supply chains.

Human resources

Enterprise systems also include various features for efficient data processing, recruiting, retention, and more. Helping recruiters and managers handle repeated day-to-day routines, such solutions accelerate processes associated with human resources, which minimizes human labor and maximizes overall productivity.

Common types

ERP software

Enterprise resource planning software is designed for companies to manage business activities more efficiently. More specifically, ERP systems help optimize finances, procurement, project management, risk management, and compliance.

If you are interested in custom ERP development, you can read more about our recent projects:

CRM software

Customer relationship management software is designed for companies to access and manage customer data. In particular, CRM systems are integrated to collect and analyze customer information, commonly including personal and contact information, service requests, purchases, feedback, and proposals.

If you are interested in custom CRM development, learn more about our recent projects:

SCM software

Supply chain management software helps organizations strategically plan, execute and monitor operations. Such solutions include features improving inventory and warehouse, logistics and sales management.

HRM software

From headhunting to onboarding, human resource management software helps optimize employee retention. This solution automates repeated manual routines, including administration, document processing, and more.

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Java and .NET technologies’ side-by-side comparison

For over two decades, Java was consistently leading among existing programming languages in the IT industry. Even though many modern programming languages have emerged, Java has never seen decreasing popularity and has only gained more preference among developers.

Key advantagesKey disadvantages
Object-oriented patternPoor readability
Platform independenceSluggish performance
Distributed computingInadequate desktop user interface
Multithreading supportAbsent backups
Simple syntax
Large community

Initially known under NGWS, .NET is being actively utilized across different industry verticals in the IT domain. By supporting service-oriented architecture with elegant, dynamic features, .NET improves compilation speed and provides a smooth user experience, which makes it a preferred choice among programmers.

  • As reported by Statista:
    • ASP.NET was being used by 14,9% of programmers as of August 2022
    • ASP.NET Core version was being used by 18,59% of programmers as of August 2022
  • According to Stack Overflow,
    • ASP.NET is used by 16,15% of professional engineers
    • ASP.NET Core version is used by 20,71% of professional engineers
Key advantagesKey disadvantages
Object-oriented patternObject-relational limitations
Cross-platform developmentSlow speed
Automatic testingVendor lock-in
Easy deployment and maintenanceMemory leaks
Universal standards
Seamless caching

You cannot go wrong with either Java or .NET development, but choosing one for your project, you should foremost learn more about their differences: 

DefinitionPlatform-agnostic object-oriented programming languageOpen-source framework; sometimes declared as a cross-platform toolset
ExecutionJava Virtual Machine (JVM)Common Language Runtime (CLR)
Supported languagesJVM languages (Java, Kotlin, Python, Ruby, Scala, Groovy, Clojure, Fantom, and other)C#, F#, C++, VB.NET, IronPython, IronRuby, and other
Supported IDEEclipse, NetBeans, IntelliJ IDEA, Amazon Corretto, AWS Cloud9, and moreVisual Studio, Rider, MonoDevelop
Web services supportAdd-onBuilt-in
Web server scriptingJSFASP.NET

What’s more, choosing between those two, you should also consider that they are serving different purposes. Java is mostly used for building web apps, utility and embedded systems, .NET is rather utilized for delivering mobile and desktop solutions, client-side and gaming applications.  

Best technology for enterprise software development

Java and .NET development both provide great value speaking about:

  • Security
    • Java helps accelerate security providing cryptography, access control, secure communication, and public key infrastructure
    • .NET ensures streamlined security providing encryption, access control, character validation, and automatic code checks
  • Scalability
    • Java has scalable infrastructure – with many supported frameworks and libraries, the language is well-suiting for building enterprise software
    • .NET allows scaling vertically and horizontally – with its various tools, the framework is perfect for building enterprise solutions meeting ever-changing business needs

But when evaluated individually, Java and .NET development have some unique features that set them apart. Further below, we listed the most important factors to consider when choosing your project’s technology stack. 

Java development

For decades, Java has been used for building web applications, unity software, embedded systems, and more. Among other practical applications, Java is also suitable for designing enterprise software.

With various favorable features such as platform independence, the language is enjoying great recognition. Some corporations that use this language include Google, Instagram, Pinterest, eBay, PayPal, Goldman Sachs, and others.

The reasons to choose Java for enterprise development:

  • Simplicity

Having removed explicit pointers and other complex features, Java is an easy-to-learn programming language. The language, being less complex than popular C and C++, is easy to understand, write, debug, and maintain.

  • Stability

Staying away from more advanced features, Java is an incredibly stable and predictable programming language. The language provides various helpful features (automatic garbage collection, dynamic memory allocation), and receives constant updates.

  • Performance

Java provides multithreading support, which means software developers can operate more than one thread. This helps to make the most of available computing power, facilitating performance.

 .NET development

.NET has the capabilities for building high-performing applications, including desktop, web, mobile, and more. .NET is also well-suiting for delivering enterprise software, in particular enhanced security, easy maintenance, and scalability.  

Market leaders across domains are already actively utilizing the framework and achieving tremendous results. Industry leaders to mention include Microsoft, Intel, Cisco, Intuit, Citrix, Morgan Stanley, and others.

The reasons to choose .NET for enterprise development:

  • Deployment

With various useful highlights (private parts, code sharing, no-sway apps), .NET provides simple deployment. The climate is protected, lessens clashes, diminishes emerging presentation-related issues, and streamlines code monitoring.

  • Maintenance

With numerous powerful tools optimizing processes from building to testing, .NET ensures easy maintenance. The code and components are reusable, which means necessary changes can be introduced seamlessly.

  • Customization

One of the most significant benefits is uncomplicated, smooth customization with speedy turnaround time. This means that applications are convenient to re-design, upgrade, scale, and integrate. 

Not recommended for enterprise software development

What about other technologies available on the market, for example, Ruby on Rails, VB, PHP? 

Although these are also being utilized for delivering large-scale solutions, their characteristics cause challenges that are sometimes hard to overcome when building enterprise applications.

To begin, Ruby on Rails is rather slow, which means lower performance and considerably limited scalability. Going further, VB is also slow, hindering performance and scalability, and imposes restricted customization, which means that functions and variables aren’t customizable after deployment.

PHP is a popular, widely utilized scripting language, but rather not suitable for designing large-scale solutions. PHP is not versatile (a quite notable downside for every extended project), and has been criticized for lacking type safety and other essential features, in particular debugging capabilities.

.NET development
Delivering reliable and easy-to-maintain .NET solutions

How we can help

Having required industry expertise, Abto Software is ready to deliver highly scalable Java and .NET applications. Our engineers apply exceptional technical knowledge and experience when designing Java and .NET solutions to facilitate business growth and profitability.

No matter the type and size of solution, whether desktop, web, mobile, or high-performing enterprise software, Abto Software takes over promising projects to assist small and mature companies in reaching their goals. What’s more, our scientists successfully leverage advanced technology to provide even more business value.

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